Garcinia gummi-gutta (L.) Robs. - CLUSIACEAE

Synonym : Cambogia gummi-gutta L.; Garcinia cambogia(Gaertn.) Desr.

Vernacular names : Tamil: Gorakkapuli, Heela, Kottukkappuli, Panampuli.  Malayalam: Gorakkapuli, Pinar, Kodampuli, Kudapuli, Marapuli, Meenpuli, Perumpuli, Pinampuli.  Kannada: Manda huli, Mantulli, Punara huli, Seeme hunnise, Upagi mara.

English   Kannada   Malayalam   Tamil   

Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Trees up to 12 m tall.
Trunk & Bark : Outer bark reddish brown, lenticellate; blaze reddish.
Branches and Branchlets : Branches drooping; young branchlets subterete, glabrous.
Exudates : Latex yellow, profuse.
Leaves : Leaves simple, opposite, decussate; petiole 5-1.6 cm long, planoconvex or shallowly canaliculate above, slightly sheathing at base; lamina 5-13 x 2-6 cm; variable in shape from narrow elliptic, oblanceolate to obovate, apex usually acute, sometimes obtuse, base cuneate to attenuate, coriaceous or subcoriaceous; secondary_nerves not prominent on both sides; tertiary_nerves obscure.
Inflorescence / Flower : Flowers polygamous, in axillary or terminal clusters; calyx cream; petals pink.
Fruit and Seed : Berry, globose, 6-8 grooved, to 5 cm in diameter; many seeded.

Ecology :

Frequent understorey tree in evergreen forests up to 1800 m.

Distribution :

Western_Ghats and Sri Lanka; in the Western_Ghats- throughout in South and Central Sahyadris.

Literatures :

Brittonia 20: 103. 1968; Gamble, Fl. Madras 1: 73. 1997 (re. ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 40. 2004; Saldanha, Fl. Karnataka 1: 205. 1996; Cook, Fl. Bombay 1: 77. 1902.

Top of the Page