Hopea parviflora Bedd. - DIPTEROCARPACEAE

Vernacular names : Tamil: Irubogam, Kongu, Pongu, Vellaikongu.  Malayalam: Irimpakam, Irumbogum, Kambagam, Kampakam, Kongu, Pongu, Tampakam, Urippu.  Kannada: Bovu mara, Kiralbhogi, Sannele bogi.

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Trees up to 35 m tall.
Trunk & Bark : Bark brown, scaly.
Branches and Branchlets : Branchlets terete, pubescent when young.
Leaves : Leaves simple, alternate, spiral; stipules caducous; petiole to 0.6 cm long, slightly canaliculate above, pubescent when young; lamina 4.5-10 x 1.5-3.5 cm, lanceolate or narrow ovate, apex narrow acute to gradually acuminate, base rounded to subcordate, margin entire, chartaceous, glabrous except few scattered hairs at margin and on midrib beneath; domatia at the axils of secondary_nerves, but not on all the leaves; midrib raised above; secondary_nerves 5-12 pairs, raised above, lowest pair opposite and closer to the next secondary_nerve; tertiary_nerves closely_horizontally_percurrent.
Inflorescence / Flower : Inflorescence panicles, tomentose; flowers white.
Fruit and Seed : Nut with accrescent_calyx_lobes; seed 1.

Ecology :

Common emergent to canopy trees in evergreen forests, up to 900 m.

Distribution :

Endemic to the Western_Ghats- South and Central Sahyadris.

Literatures :

Beddome, Fl. Sylv. 7. 1869; Gamble, Fl. Madras 1: 82. 1997 (re. ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 44. 2004; Saldanha, Fl. Karnataka 1: 194. 1996.

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