Ixora malabarica (Denst.) Mabb. - RUBIACEAE

Synonym : Chiococca malabarica Densst.; Ixora lanceolaria Colebr.

Vernacular names : Malayalam: Cherukuravu

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution status Literature

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Small trees up to 5 m tall.
Branchlets : Branchlets terete, glabrous.
Leaves : Leaves simple, opposite, decussate; stipules broadly ovate with long subulate apex, interpetiolar, persistent; petiole 0.2-0.5 cm long, planoconvex in cross section, glabrous; lamina 7-16 x 2.5-3.5 cm, lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, apex narrowly acuminate, base obtuse to acute, margin entire, chartaceous, glabrous; midrib raised above; secondary_nerves 12-22 pairs, nearly right angle to the midrib; tertiary_nerves slender reticulo-percurrent.
Flowers : Inflorescence terminal corymbs, lax; flowers white; pedicel to 0.7 cm long.
Fruit& seed : Berry, nearly globose; seeds 2.

Ecology :

Undergrowth in evergreen to semi-evergreen forests up to 600 m.

Distribution :

Endemic to the southern Western_Ghats- South Sahyadri and north Malabar.

status :

Vulnerable (IUCN, 2000).

Literature :

Taxon 26: 539. 1977; Gamble, Fl. Madras 2: 630. 1993 (re. ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 219. 2004; Cook, Fl. Bombay 1: 608.1903;.

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