Leptonychia caudata (Wall. ex G. Don) Burrett - STERCULIACEAE

Synonym : Grewia caudata Wall. ex G. Don; Leptonychia moacurroides Bedd.

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literature

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Small trees up to 5 m tall.
Trunk\bark : Bark grey, lenticellate; blaze cream.
Branchlets : Young branchlets slender, striate, terete stellate hairy, later glabrous.
Leaves : Leaves simple, alternate, distichous; stipules lateral, caducous and leaving scar; petiole 0.7-1.3 cm long, terete or slightly canaliculate at apex, swollen at both ends, sparsely stellate hairy when young, later glabrous; lamina 8-16 x 2.3-6.3 cm, narrow elliptic or narrow elliptic-oblong, apex caudate (acumen 1.5-4 cm long), base acute to rounded, margin entire or distantly irregularly crenulate at least towards apex, chartaceous, glabrous or with few scattered stellate hairs beneath when young; midrib thinly raised or flat above; trinerved at base; secondary_nerves 4-6 pairs, ascending, looped; tertiary_nerves distantly horizontally percurrent.
Flowers : Inflorescence axillary short cymes; flowers greenish-white; pedicel 0.3 cm long.
Fruit& seed : Capsule, obovoid, to 1.8 cm long; seeds 1-3, with orange-red aril.

Ecology :

Understorey trees in wet evergreen forests between 200 and 1100 m.

Distribution :

Indomalaysia; in the Western_Ghats- South Sahyadri and Central Sahyadri (up to Coorg Region).

Literature :

Burrett, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem. 9: 727.1926; Veldkamp & Flipphi, Blumea 32: 451. 1987; Gamble, Fl. Madras 1: 112. 1997 (re. ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 57. 2004.

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