Mallotus stenanthus Muell.-Arg. - EUPHORBIACEAE

Vernacular names : Tamil: Karuvalichchi

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Trees up to 5 m tall.
Branches and Branchlets : Young branchlets flat, pubescent.
Leaves : Leaves simple with opposite, decussate, unequal pairs; stipules small, oblong, pubescent, caducous; petiole 0.2-1.8 cm long, terete, swollen at both ends, pubescent; lamina 5.5-14 x 2-6 cm, narrow elliptic-rhombic to oblanceolate, apex caudate, base acute sometimes rounded to retuse, margin irregularly sinuate-dentate, subcoriaceous, resinous yellow glandular and glabrous beneath; midrib raised above; secondary_nerves 5-10 pairs; tertiary_nerves obliquely_percurrent.
Inflorescence / Flower : Flowers in slender terminal and axillary racemes, pubescent.
Fruit and Seed : Capsule 3-lobed, yellow pellucid punctate with many short stout echinate processes; seeds 3.

Ecology :

Understorey trees in evergreen forests between 350 and 1800 m.

Distribution :

Endemic to the Western_Ghats- South, Central and south Maharashtra Sahyadris.

Literatures :

Linnaea 34: 191. 1865; Gamble, Fl. Madras 2: 1322. 1993 (re.ed.); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 424. 2004; Saldanha, Fl. Karnataka 2: 152. 1996.

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