Mallotus tetracoccus (Roxb.) Kurz - EUPHORBIACEAE

Synonym : Rottlera tetracocca Roxb.; Mallotus albus Muell.-Arg. var. occidentalis J. Hk.

Vernacular names : Tamil: Mullu polavu, Vatta  Malayalam: Thavatta, Vatta, Vatta kumbil, Vetta kumbil  Kannada: Uppale mara

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Trees up to 12 m tall.
Trunk & Bark : Bark brown, lenticellate; blaze cream.
Branches and Branchlets : Young branchlets flat, stellately tawny tomentose.
Leaves : Leaves simple, alternate, spiral; stipule caducous; petiole 3-12.5 cm long, terete, stellately tomentose, swollen at both ends; lamina 8-25 x 6.5-20 cm, broadly ovate to orbiculate, apex acute to acuminate, base peltate or subpeltate, usually entire or trilobed when young, coriaceous, densely white stellate tomentose beneath; 3-5_nerved_at_base; tertiary_nerves nearly horizontal percurrent.
Inflorescence / Flower : Flowers unisexual, dioecious, in axillary or terminal panicles, stellate tomentose.
Fruit and Seed : Capsule, globose, echinate with soft wooly spines; seeds 6.

Ecology :

Along margin of the evergreen forests up to 1600 m.

Distribution :

India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar; in the Western_Ghats- through out.

Literatures :

Fl. Ind. 3: 827. 1832; Gamble, Fl. Madras 2: 1322. 1993 (re.ed.); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 424. 2004; Saldanha, Fl. Karnataka 2: 152. 1996.

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