Mammea suriga (Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb.) Kosterm. - CLUSIACEAE

Synonym : Calophyllum suriga Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb.; Ochrocarpus longifolius (Wt.) Anders.

Vernacular names : Malayalam: Seraya, Suran-punna  Kannada: Wundi, Punay, Suringi

English   Kannada   Malayalam   Tamil   

Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Trees up to 15 m tall.
Trunk & Bark : Bark brown, regularly scaly; blaze red.
Branches and Branchlets : Branchlets terete, glabrous; apical bud usually covered by 4-6 imbricate ovate scales.
Exudates : Latex yellowish cream.
Leaves : Leaves simple, opposite, decussate; petiole 0.5-1.0 cm long, canaliculate, glabrous; lamina 10-23 x 4-7.5 cm, oblong, narrow-oblong to narrow obovate, apex obtuse or bluntly short acuminate, base obtuse, thickly coriaceous; midrib indistinct at apex; secondary_nerves many, parallel, perpendicular to midrib; tertiary_nerves finely reticulate with tiny transparent glands at the centre of areoles, sometimes invisible due to thick cuticle.
Inflorescence / Flower : Flowers polygamous, white, clustered on old branches with elongated pedicels.
Fruit and Seed : Berry, elliptic, beaked; 1-seeded.

Ecology :

In open evergreen forests up to 700 m.

Distribution :

Endemic to the Western_Ghats- from North Malabar Coast to South Konkan Coast and in northern part of Central Sahyadri.

Literatures :

Comm. For. Res. Inst. Indones. Bogor 72: 33. 1961; Gamble, Fl. Madras 1: 75. 1997 (re. ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 42. 2004; Saldanha, Fl. Karnataka 1: 209. 1996; Cook, Fl. Bombay 1: 79. 1902.

Top of the Page