Mangifera indica L. - ANACARDIACEAE

Vernacular names : Tamil: Mamaram, Manga, Maa  Malayalam: Mavu, Moochi  Kannada: Amba, Ballimavu, Mavinahannu, Mavina mara, Mavu, Simavu  English:  Mango

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Trees, up to 35 m tall.
Trunk & Bark : Trunk fluted near base; bark scaly.
Branches and Branchlets : Terete.
Exudates : Watery and acrid.
Leaves : Leaves simple, alternate, spiral, clustered at twig ends; petiole 1.2-6.2 cm long, swollen at base, planoconvex in cross section; lamina 8-25 x 1.7-6 cm, narrow oblong-elliptic or lanceolate, apex gradually acuminate, base acute to attenuate, margin slightly undulate, subcoriaceous, glabrous; midrib raised above; secondary_nerves many, nearly straight or gradually curved 28 to 30 pairs; tertiary_nerves reticulate.
Inflorescence / Flower : Inflorescence terminal panicle; flowers polygamous, greenish white.
Fruit and Seed : Drupe, fleshy; single seeded, compressed.

Ecology :

Canopy trees in evergreen to semi-evergreen forests.

Distribution :

Wild species occur in Indomalaysian region and several varieties commonly cultivated throughout tropics.

Literatures :

Sp. Pl. 1: 200. 1753; Gamble, Fl. Madras 1: 268-269. 1997 (re. ed); Saldanha, Fl. Karnataka 2: 205. 1996; Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 112. 2004; Keshava Murthy and Yoganarasimhan, Fl. Coorg (Kodagu) 126. 1990; Cook, Fl. Bombay 1: 281. 1902.

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