Myristica fatua Houtt. var. magnifica (Bedd.) Sinclair - MYRISTICACEAE

Synonym : Myristica magnifica Bedd.

Vernacular names : Malayalam: Churapayin; Kothapayin; KottapannuKannada: Ramapatre

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Status: Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Trees, often buttressed, up to 20 m tall, with stilt roots and pneumatophores or knee roots.
Trunk & Bark : Bark purplish black, lenticellate; blaze cream.
Branches and branchlets : Branchlets terete, stout, rusty tomentose.
Exudates : Sap red from cut end of bark, profuse.
Leaves : Leaves simple, alternate, distichous; petiole 2-4 cm long, stout, canaliculate, tomentose when young, later glabrous; lamina 20-60 x10-15 cm, elliptic-oblong, apex acute with blunt tip or acuminate, base rounded or subtruncate, margin entire, thickly coriaceous, glossy above, densely rusty tomentose beneath, later glabrous; midrib raised above; secondary_nerves 12-18 pairs, impressed above; tertiary_nerves obscure or percurrent when visible.
Inflorescence / Flower : Flowers unisexual, dioecious, urceolate; male flowers clusters of 10-20 flowers on woody peduncle, subumbellate; female flowers 2 or 3 in axillary fascicles.
Fruit and Seed : Capsule, 10.5 x 5-7, oblong-ovoid, densely rusty tomentose; seed one, cylindrical, covered with bright orange-red lacerated aril.

Ecology :

In fresh water swampy evergreen forests up to 600 m.

Distribution :

Endemic to the Western_Ghats- Agasthyamalai (west) and Central Malanad.

Status: :

Endangered (IUCN, 2000).

Literatures :

Gard. Bull. Singapore 23: 282. 1968; Gamble, Fl. Madras 2: 1214.1993 (re.ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 393. 2004; Saldanha, Fl. Karnataka 1: 54. 1984; Cook, Fl. Bombay 2: 531. 1908.

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