Otonephelium stipulaceum (Bedd.) Radlk. - SAPINDACEAE

Synonym : Nephelium stipulaceum Bedd.

Vernacular names : Malayalam: Poripoovam, Paviri mulei, Kalpoovathi

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literature

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Trees up to 28 m tall.
Trunk\bark : Bark brown, smooth to irregularly flaky when mature.
Branchlets : Young branchlets angular, slightly pubescent, later glabrous.
Leaves : Leaves compound, usually paripinnate, sometime imparipinnate, to 40 cm long, alternate, spiral; rachis angular, pulvinate, glabrous; petiolule 0.3-0.6 cm long, stout, puberulous when young; leaflets 3-6 pairs, opposite, subopposite or alternate; lowermost leaflets stipule like, sessile, broadly reniform; lamina 8-18 (-26) x 5- 8.5 (-10.5) cm, elliptic-oblong, apex rounded to acuminate, base asymmetric or slightly attenuate, margin entire, coriaceous, glaucous beneath; midrib slightly raised above; secondary_nerves 9-12 pairs, nearly straight, curved at margin, minute domatia present at axills; tertiary_nerves obliquely and distantly percurrent.
Flowers : Inflorescence axillary and terminal panicle; flowers polygamous, subsessile.
Fruit& seed : Drupe, 1-3 cocci, ellipsoid, densely echinate; seeds 1-2, brown, smooth with arils.

Ecology :

Canopy or subcanopy trees in wet evergreen forests up to 1000 m.

Distribution :

Endemic to the Western_Ghats- South and Central Sahyadris.

Literature :

Radlk., Sapindac. Holl. Ind. 71. 1879; Gamble, Fl. Madras 1: 252. 1997 (re. ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6:109. 2004; Saldanha, Fl. Karnataka 2: 195. 1996.

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