Persea macrantha (Nees) Kosterm. - LAURACEAE

Synonym : Machilus macrantha Nees

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Trees up to 30 m tall.
Trunk & Bark : Bark light brown, lenticellate; blaze pinkish.
Branches and Branchlets : Branchlets terete, glabrous.
Leaves : Leaves simple, alternate, spiral, clustered at twig ends; petiole 1.2-4.5 cm long, canaliculate, glabrous; lamina 7-20.3 x 3-8 cm long, variable in shape, obovate or elliptic to elliptic-oblong, apex rounded or acuminate or acute, base acute to rounded, margin entire, coriaceous, glabrous, glaucous beneath, aromatic when squeeze; midrib canaliculate above; secondary_nerves 8-12 pairs; tertiary_nerves distantly percurrent, slender; higher order nerves closely reticulate.
Inflorescence / Flower : Flowers in terminal, spreading panicles.
Fruit and Seed : Berry, globose to 2 cm across, black when ripe.

Ecology :

Canopy trees in evergreen forests up to 2000 m.

Distribution :

Peninsular India and Sri Lanka; in the Western_Ghats- South, Central and south Maharashtra Sahyadris.

Literatures :

Reinwardtia 6: 193. 1962; Gamble, Fl. Madras 2: 1227. 1993 (re. ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 401. 2004; Saldanha, Fl. Karnataka 1: 71. 1996.

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