Poeciloneuron indicum Bedd. - CLUSIACEAE

Vernacular names : Tamil: Puthang kolli, Vadinaangu, Vavilavazhala.  Malayalam: Poothamkolli, Vayilla.  Kannada: Balige, Kirballi.

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Trees, buttressed, often with stilt roots, up to 30 m tall.
Trunk & Bark : Bark brown, lenticellate; blaze pink.
Branches and Branchlets : Branchlets terete, glabrous.
Exudates : Exudates resinous, not profuse.
Leaves : Leaves simple, opposite, decussate; petiole 1-2 cm long, planoconvex in cross section, glabrous; lamina 10-29 x 3-9 cm; elliptic-oblong to lanceolate, apex caudate-acuminate, base acute or nearly attenuate, thickly coriaceous; midrib raised above; secondary_nerves many, slender, sometimes indistinct near margins due to mixing up with tertiary_nerves reticulation, nearly perpendicular to midrib; tertiary_nerves closely reticulate.
Inflorescence / Flower : Inflorescence terminal panicle.
Fruit and Seed : Capsule, globose, 4 cm across, ribbed, beaked, drying dark brown, 1-seeded.

Ecology :

Locally common canopy trees in low and medium elevation evergreen forests up to 1400 m.

Distribution :

Endemic to the Western_Ghats- patchily distributed in South and Central Sahyadris, particularly abundant in Kudremukh, Chikmagalur Region.

Literatures :

J. Linn. Soc. 8: 267. 17. 1865; Gamble, Fl. Madras 1: 77. 1997 (re. ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 43. 2004; Saldanha, Fl. Karnataka 1: 210. 1996.

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