Psychotria anamallayana Bedd. - RUBIACEAE


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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literature

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Large shrubs or small trees ca. 4 m tall.
Branchlets : Young branchlets usually triangular, glabrous.
Leaves : Leaves simple, opposite, decussate, sometimes ternate; stipules lanceolate, 1.9-2.5 cm long, glabrous, intrapetiolar, sheathing; petiole 1.5-4 cm long, planoconvex in cross section, glabrous; lamina 15-25 x 4-7.5 cm, oblanceolate, apex shortly acuminate, base cuneate - decurrent, margin entire, subcoriaceous to coriaceous, glabrous; midrib raised above; secondary_nerves 8-13 pairs; tertiary_nerves broadly reticulo-percurrent.
Flowers : Inflorescence terminal corymbose cymes; flowers white.
Fruit& seed : Drupe, oblong, purple to 3 cm long, with two planoconvex pyrenes; seeds 1 per pyrene.

Ecology :

Undergrowth in moist evergreen forest between 700 and 1400 m.

Distribution :

Endemic to the Western_Ghats- South Sahyadri.

Literature :

Bedd. Ic. t. 236. 1868-1874; Gamble, Fl. Madras 2: 641. 1993 (re. ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 231. 2004.

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