Rhodomyrtus tomentosa - MYRTACEAE

Rhodomyrtus tomentosa (Aiton) Hassk. - MYRTACEAE

Synonym : Myrtus tomentosa Aiton

Vernacular names : Tamil: Thavittu koyaMalayalam: Koratta; Thavittumarom

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Trees up to 5 m tall.
Trunk & Bark : Bark brown, scaly; blaze cream.
Branches and branchlets : Young branchlets terete, grey tomentose.
Leaves : Leaves simple, opposite, decussate; petiole 0.5-0.8 cm long, planoconvex in cross section, grey tomentose; lamina 3-7.5 x 1.3-4.5 cm, elliptic, apex acute with mucronate tip, base acute to obtuse, margin entire and recurved, grey tomentose beneath, coriaceous; midrib flat above; 3-nerved suprabasally; lateral nerves reaching leaf apex; intramarginal nerve present; higher order nerves strongly reticulate.
Inflorescence / Flower : Inflorescence cymes, axillary, up to 8 flowered; flowers large; pedicel 0.5 cm long; petals rosy white; stamens many, rosy-pink.
Fruit and Seed : Berry, subglobose, 1 cm across, crowned with calyx lobes; seeds many, renifom, compressed.

Ecology :

Along the margins of the high elevation evergreen forests and in open thickets, above 1600 m.

Distribution :

Indomalaysia and China; in the Western_Ghats- Nilgiris, Anaimalai and Palani hills.

Literatures :

Flora 25: 35. 1842; Gamble, Fl. Madras 1: 471.1997 (re.ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 175. 2004.

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