Trema orientalis (L.) Bl. - ULMACEAE

Synonym : Celtis orientalis L.

Vernacular names : Tamil: Mini, Mena, Amparuthi, Amathalai, Yerralai, Ambarathi, MudaleiMalayalam: Aamathali, Aarni, Amapotti, Amarathi, Ami, Javanthi, Malantotali,Omamaram, Pottama, Pottamaram, Ratthi, Thundinaru

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literature

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Trees up to 5 m tall.
Trunk\bark : Bark brownish, with corky lenticels; blaze reddish with white streaks.
Branchlets : Young branchlets terete, grey pubescent.
Leaves : Leaves simple, alternate, distichous; stipules lateral, pubescent, caducous and leaving scar; petiole up to 0.5-1 (4.5) cm long, canaliculate above, pubescent; lamina 3.5-7.5 x 2.5-5 cm, ovate to lanceolate, apex acuminate, base asymmetric and subcordate, margin serrate, scabrid, canescent beneath; 3-5-nerved at base; midrib canaliculate above; secondary_nerves ca. 4 pairs; tertiary_nerves distantly horizontally percurrent.
Flowers : Flowers unisexual, dioecious, in axillary fascicles or cymes; sessile.
Fruit& seed : Drupe, globose, 0.4 cm long, black when ripe; seed one.

Ecology :

Along margin of evergreen forests up to 1800 m.

Distribution :

Trpical Africa, Asia and Australia; in the Western_Ghats- throughout.

Literature :

Blume, Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 2: 62. 1856; Gamble, Fl. Madras 3: 1350. 1998 (re. ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 436. 2004; Saldanha, Fl. Karnataka 1: 108.1984; Cook, Fl. Bombay 2: 631.1908; Almeida, Fl. Mah.

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