Vaccinium leschenaultii Wt. - VACCINIACEAE


Vernacular names : Tamil: Anduvan, KalavuMalayalam: Katavu, Kalavu, KelamaramKannada: Anduvan

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literature

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Small trees up to 7 m tall.
Trunk\bark : Bark brownish, irregularly scaly; blaze yellowish.
Branchlets : Young branchlets angular to subterete, pubescent.
Leaves : Leaves simple, alternate, spiral; petiole 0.5-1 cm long, planoconvex in cross section, pubescent when young; lamina 4.5-6.5 x 2.5-3 cm, ovate, elliptic or elliptic-obovate, sometimes suborbicular, apex acute or acuminate, base attenuate to acute or obtuse, margin serrate, glabrous, coriaceous, glands on the midrib beneath; midrib slightly raised or flat above; secondary_nerves 4-6 pairs; tertiary_nerves broadly reticulate, not prominent.
Flowers : Inflorescence axillary and terminal, racemose; flowers urceolate, pink or rarely whitish; petals glabrous; stamens with awns; pedicel ca. 0.3 cm long.
Fruit& seed : Berry, smooth, globose; seeds many.

Ecology :

In high elevation evergreen forests between 1600 and 2000 m.

Distribution :

India, Myanmar and Sri Lanka; in the Western_Ghats- South Sahyadri.

Literature :

Wight, Ic. t. 1188. 1848; Gamble, Fl. Madras 2: 742. 1993 (re.ed.); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 263. 2004.

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