Antidesma montanum Blume - EUPHORBIACEAE

Synonym : Antidesma pubescens Roxb. var. menasu Tul.; Antidesma menasu Miq. ex Tul.

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Trees about 10 m tall.
Trunk & Bark : Bark thin flaky in old trees.
Branches and Branchlets : Branchlets terete, pubescent.
Leaves : Leaves simple, alternate, distichous; stipules in pairs, linear-lanceolate, acute, 1.2 cm long, pubescent, subpersistent; petiole 0.25-0.7 (-1.2) cm long, terete sometimes subcanaliculate, pubescent; lamina 8-22 x 2.5-7.7 cm, usually oblong to elliptic or oblanceolate, apex gradually acuminate with mucronate tip, base acute to rounded or cuneate, margin entire, chartaceous, glabrous except on midrib; secondary_nerves prominent beneath, 5-9 pairs, ascending; tertiary_nerves broadly reticulate.
Inflorescence / Flower : Inflorescence axillary or terminal racemes; flowers unisexual, dioecious; clusters of flowers in male distant than in female.
Fruit and Seed : Drupe, elliptic, somewhat oblique, turning red; seed 1.

Ecology :

Common understorey trees in disturbed evergreen forests up to 1900 m.

Distribution :

Indomalaysia; in the Western_Ghats- South, Central and Maharashtra Sahyadris.

Literatures :

Bijdr. 1124. 1826; Gamble, Fl. Madras 2: 1297. 1993 (re. ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 409. 2004; Saldanha, Fl. Karnataka 1: 117. 1996.

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