Antiaris toxicaria Lesch. - MORACEAE

Vernacular names : Tamil: Mara-uri; AranthelliMalayalam: Aranthal, Maravuri; Aranjelli, Arayannali; Maravuri; Nettavil

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Large buttressed, deciduous trees up to 50 m tall.
Trunk & Bark : Bark greyish-white, smooth, pustular lenticels in vertical rows; blaze brownish.
Branches and branchlets : Young branchlets terete, tomentose, later glabrous.
Exudates : Latex watery or milky.
Leaves : Leaves simple, alternate, distichous, stipules small, connate, caducous, leaving scar; petiole 0.3-0.8 cm long, pubescent; lamina to 6.5-15 x 2.5-5 cm, elliptic-oblong, apex obtusely acuminate, base rounded or cordate, margin entire or distantly crenulate, young leaves hairy on both sides, later glabrous and scabrous beneath; midrib raised above; secondary_nerves 8-10 pairs; tertiary_nerves reticulo-percurrent.
Inflorescence / Flower : Flowers unisexual; male flowers greenish yellow, in axillary peduncled spikes; female flowers solitary axillary.
Fruit and Seed : Drupe, fleshy, pyriform or obovoid, scarlet; seed 1.

Ecology :

Emergent trees in evergreen and semi-evergreen forests, up to 1200 m.

Distribution :

Paleotropics; in the Western_Ghats- South and Central Sahyadris.

Literatures :

Ann. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris 16: 478. t. 22. 1820; Gamble, Fl. Madras 3: 1367.1998 (re.ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 437. 2004; Saldanha, Fl. Karnataka 1: 109.1984; Almeida Fl. Maharashtra 4b:356.2003; Cook, Fl. Bombay 2:655. 1902;.

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