Baccaurea courtalensis Muell.-Arg. - EUPHORBIACEAE

Synonym : Pierardia courtallensis Wt.

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Trees up to 10 m tall.
Trunk & Bark : Bark grey usually smooth or scaly; blaze light orange.
Branches and Branchlets : Branchlets terete, glabrous.
Leaves : Leaves simple, alternate, clustered at twig ends; stipules ovate, acute, hairy, caducous; petiole 1.2-3.8 cm long, swollen at both ends, terete, puberulous when young; lamina 7.5-17.8 x 3-7.6 cm, oblanceolate, apex bluntly caudate-acuminate, base cuneate, chartaceous, glabrous, midrib slightly raised above; secondary_nerves 4-8, ascending ; tertiary_nerves slender, distantly percurrent.
Inflorescence / Flower : Inflorescence cauliflory; flowers unisexual, dioecious; male inflorescence in clustered racemes on short tubercles all over the trunk, red; female inflorescence in clustered racemes, mostly confined to base of the trunk.
Fruit and Seed : Capsule, crimson, globose, beaked, 1.5-2.5 cm across, ribbed, pubescent when young; seeds broad compressed with fleshy aril.

Ecology :

Understorey trees in low and medium elevation evergreen forests up to 1000 m.

Distribution :

Endemic to the Western_Ghats- South Sahyadri and Central Sahyadri (up to Coorg Region).

Literatures :

DC. Prodr. 14: 459. 1857; Gamble, Fl. Madras 2: 1310. 1993 (re. ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 410. 2004; Saldanha, Fl. Karnataka 2: 118. 1996.

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