Caryota urens L. - ARECACEAE

Vernacular names : Tamil: Konda panei, Koonthal panai, Kuntha panai, Iram panai, Thippili panei.  Malayalam: Ana pana, Chunda pana, Chuntappana, Cuntappana, Erimpana, Iram pana, Kala pana, Konda pana, Kundapanai, Olatti, Panamkula, Schundapana, Shundrapana, Vainava.  Kannada: Bagani, Baini, Bayni, Kondapana.

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Palms up to 15 m tall.
Trunk & Bark : Trunk smooth with annular leaf scars.
Leaves : Leaves compound, bipinnate, to 5 m long; pinnae 5-7 pairs, to 1.5 m long, leaflets lamina 25 x 10 cm, cuneiform, apex premorse.
Inflorescence / Flower : Inflorescence spadices, shortly peduncled, much branched; spathes 3-5; spikelets closely arranged on the rachillae; flowers unisexual.
Fruit and Seed : Berry, stalked, ovoid or globose; 1-2 seeded, ruminate.

Ecology :

Common in open evergreen and semi-evergreen forests, up to 1400 m.

Distribution :

Indomalaysia; in the Western_Ghats- South Central and south Maharashtra Sahyadris.

Literatures :

Sp. Pl. 1189.1753; Gamble, Fl. Madras 3: 1560. 1998 (re. ed); Cook, Fl. Bombay 2: 805. 1902; Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 506. 2004.

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