Elaeocarpus recurvatus Corner - ELAEOCARPACEAE

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Trees up to 12 m tall.
Trunk & Bark : Bark greyish brown, lenticellate; blaze cream.
Branches and Branchlets : Branches with architecture of “Aubreville_model”; branchlets terete with fallen leaf scars, lenticellate, rusty or greyish stellate tomentose.
Leaves : Leaves simple, alternate, spiral, clustered at twig ends; petiole 2.5 cm; lamina 7.5-10 x 5-7.5 cm, elliptic, folded boat-shaped, apex acute to shortly acuminate, base acute, with very shallow serrations, margin revolute, coriaceous, densely tomentose beneath; midrib slightly raised above; secondary_nerves ca. 9 pairs, branched towards margin; tertiary_nerves reticulo-percurrent.
Inflorescence / Flower : Inflorescence racemes, 5-10 cm long, ca. 10 flowered; pedicels 2 cm long, tomentose; petals cream, laciniate; anthers awned.
Fruit and Seed : Drupe, ovoid, fleshy, green, 1.8 x 1 cm; seed 1, oblong, endocarp stony, tuberculate.

Ecology :

Frequent canopy trees in montane evergreen forests between 1800 and 2400 m.

Distribution :

Endemic to the Western_Ghats- confined to the Anamalai, Palani and Nilgiris.

Literatures :

Gard. Bull. Straits Settl. 10: 319, 325. 1939; Gamble, Fl. Madras 1: 124. 1997 (re. ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 64. 2004.

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