Holigarna ferruginea Marchand - ANACARDIACEAE

Vernacular names : Tamil: Charei

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Large trees, up to 35 m tall.
Trunk & Bark : Bark rough.
Branches and Branchlets : Branchlets stout, glabrous, lenticelled.
Exudates : Latex black.
Leaves : Leaves simple, alternate, spiral, clustered at twig ends; petiole 1-2 cm long, flat above with a pair of often caducous spurs; lamina 10-27.5 x 2.5-8.5 cm oblanceolate, apex shortly acuminate to obtuse or rounded, base cuneate to decurrent, margin revolute, coriaceous, glabrous, drying brown beneath; midrib raised above; secondary_nerves 9-14 pairs, gradually curved; tertiary_nerves reticulate.
Inflorescence / Flower : Inflorescence terminal panicle, dark purple-brown tomentose; flowers polygamous.
Fruit and Seed : Drupe, obovoid, wholly enclosed in hypocarp, 1-seeded.

Ecology :

Canopy trees in low and medium wet evergreen forests up to 1300 m.

Distribution :

Endemic to Western_Ghats, rare in South Sahyadri and frequent in Central Sahyadri.

Literatures :

Rev. Anacard. 171. 1869; Gamble, Fl. Madras 1: 268. 1997 (re. ed); Saldanha, Fl. Karnataka 2: 205. 1996; Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 111. 2004.

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