Homalium zeylanicum (Gardner) Benth. - FLACOURTIACEAE

Synonym : Blackwellia zeylanica Gard.

Vernacular names : Malayalam: Kalavaram, Kalladamba, Kaluvaluka, Manthala mukhi  Kannada: Hulikaddi mara, Kala, Kalmattiga

English   Kannada   Malayalam   Tamil   

Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Trees up to 25 m tall.
Trunk & Bark : Bark smooth, grey; blaze white with orange speckles.
Branches and Branchlets : Branchlets slender, terete, glabrous.
Leaves : Leaves simple, alternate, distichous; stipules caducous; petiole 0.5-1.3 cm long, glabrous; planoconvex in cross section; lamina 7.5-13 x 3.6- 7.6 cm, elliptic, apex abruptly acuminate, base acute or rounded to subattenuate, margin crenate, chartaceous, glabrous; midrib flat above; secondary_nerves 6-8 pairs, gradually curved; tertiary_nerves reticulo-percurrent.
Inflorescence / Flower : Inflorescence long, slender spikes with interrupted clusters of small flowers; flowers generally greenish white, sometimes few clusters crimson red in the same spike.
Fruit and Seed : Capsule; seeds small, many, oblong or angular.

Ecology :

Subcanopy trees in wet evergreen forests up to 900 m.

Distribution :

Western_Ghats and Sri Lanka; Western_Ghats- occasional in South and Central Sahyadris.

Literatures :

J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 4. 35.1860; Gamble, Fl. Madras 1: 522. 1997 (re. ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 32. 2004; Saldanha, Fl. Karnataka 1: 270. 1996.

Top of the Page