Mahonia leschenaultii (Wall. ex Wt. & Arn.) Takeda ex Gamble - BERBERIDACEAE

Synonym : Berberis nepalensis Spreng var. leschenaultii J. Hk. & Thoms. Berberis leschenaultii Wall. ex Wt. & Arn.

Vernacular names : Malayalam: Mullukadambu, Mullumanjanathi.

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Large shrubs or small trees ca. 6 m tall.
Trunk & Bark : Bark corky, greyish, fissured; blaze yellowish.
Branches and Branchlets : Branchlets terete, glabrous.
Leaves : Leaves compound, imparipinnate, alternate, spiral, clustered at twig ends, up to 48 x 13 cm, pulvinate; rachis slightly angular; leaflets 5 to 25 in pairs with terminal one, increasing in size towards the end, lamina 3-9 x 2-5 cm and the lowermost pair ca.1 cm long, sessile, generally ovate except the lowermost polygonal in shape, margin and apex prominently spiny dentate, base cordate, coriaceous, shiny above, pale beneath, 5-7 ribbed at base.
Inflorescence / Flower : Inflorescence long terminal racemes, ca. 30 cm long; flowers yellow, pedicels ca. 10 mm long.
Fruit and Seed : Berry, globose, glaucous, purple, 1-3 seeded.

Ecology :

Along margins in high altitude evergreen forests, between 1600 and 2400 m.

Distribution :

South India; in the Western_Ghats- Nilgiris Anamalai and Palani Hills.

Literatures :

Gamble, Fl. Madras 1: 32. 1997 (re. ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 24. 2004.

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