Memecylon macrocarpum Thw. - MELASTOMATACEAE

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Status Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Large shrub or small trees.
Branches and Branchlets : Branchlets subterete, glabrous.
Leaves : Leaves simple, opposite, decussate; petiole 0.5-0.7 cm, planoconvex in cross section, glabrous; lamina 14 x 7.5 cm, broadly elliptic, apex acute to acuminate or obtuse, base acute to subattenuate, margin entire, shining above, coriaceous, glabrous; midrib flat above; secondary_nerves and intramarginal_nerves obscurely visible when dry; tertiary_nerves not visible.
Inflorescence / Flower : Inflorescence condensed or umbel shaped cymes, peduncle 0.4 cm long, axillary; flowers distinctly pedicellate, purple; calyx deeply furrowed with radiating wing inside.
Fruit and Seed : Berry, 1.5-2 cm across, globose with remnants of persistent_calyx; seed 1.

Ecology :

Rare undergrowth in low elevation wet evergreen forests, ca. 600 m.

Distribution :

Western_Ghats and Sri Lanka; in the Western_Ghats- occasionally found in South and Central Sahyadris.

Status :

New record to the Western_Ghats. Earlier reported from montane forests of Sri Lanka (Bremer, 1987).

Literatures :

P. Zeyl. 110. 1859; Bremer in Dassanayake and Fosberg, Fl. Ceylon , 263. 1987.

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