Michelia nilagirica Zenk. - MAGNOLIACEAE

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Trees, up to 15 m tall.
Trunk & Bark : Bark grey, smooth; blaze light orange.
Branches and Branchlets : Branchlets terete, pubescent, with annular scars of caducous stipules; apical bud covered by sericeous lanceolate stipules.
Leaves : Leaves simple, alternate, spiral; petiole up to 2 cm long, canaliculate, pubescent; lamina 5-11 x 2.2-4.8 cm, elliptic to elliptic-lanceolate, apex acute to slightly acuminate with blunt tip, base acute to attenuate, margin entire, subcoriaceous, glabrous, white glaucous beneath; midrib slightly canaliculate; secondary_nerves 10-13 pairs; tertiary_nerves closely reticulate.
Inflorescence / Flower : Flowers solitary, axillary, large, white or cream.
Fruit and Seed : Follicles, warty, arranged as spike, dehiscing dorsally; seed 1, scarlet.

Ecology :

Common trees in high elevation to montane evergreen forests, between 1600 and 2400 m.

Distribution :

Endemic to the Western_Ghats- Agasthyamalai, Megamalai, Anamalai, Palani, Nilgiris and Bababudangiri Hills.

Literatures :

Zenk., Pl. Ind. 21.t. 20.1835; Gamble, Fl. Madras 1: 9.1997 (re. ed); Saldanha, Fl. Karnataka 1: 39. 1984; Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 15. 2004.

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