Paracroton pendulus (Hassk.) Miq. ssp. zeylanicus (Thw.) Balakr.& Chakrab. - EUPHORBIACEAE

Synonym : Fahrenheitia zeylanica (Thw.) A.Shaw; Desmostemon zeylanicus Thw.; Ostodes zeylanicus (Thw.) Muell.-Arg.

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Trees up to 30 m tall.
Trunk & Bark : Bark brown, smooth; blaze orange.
Branches and Branchlets : Branchlets stout, terete with lenticels.
Exudates : Exudates red sap from the cut end of branchlets.
Leaves : Leaves simple, alternate, spiral, usually at the end of the twigs; petiole 4-10 cm long, terete, glabrous, swollen at both ends, pair of glands present at the junction of lamina above; lamina 15-32 x 4-11 cm, usually narrow elliptic to oblanceolate, apex acuminate, base cuneate, margin serrate, coriaceous, glabrous, drying brown; midrib raised above; secondary_nerves 10-12 pairs; tertiary_nerves slender, obliquely_percurrent.
Inflorescence / Flower : Flowers unisexual, dioecious, in terminal or lateral panicled pendulous racemes.
Fruit and Seed : Capsule, globose, 3-ribbed, brown tomentose.

Ecology :

Canopy to subcanopy trees in evergreen forests between 150 and 1800 m.

Distribution :

Western_Ghats and Sri Lanka; in the Western_Ghats- South and Central Sahyadris.

Literatures :

Kew Bull. 48: 719.1993; Gamble, Fl. Madras 2: 1336. 1993 (re. ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 425. 2004; Saldanha, Fl. Karnataka 2: 142. 1996.

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