Semecarpus auriculata Bedd. - ANACARDIACEAE

Vernacular names : Tamil:  Vellei charei  Malayalam: Cari, Charei

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Status Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Large trees, up to 35 m tall.
Trunk & Bark : Bark smooth; blaze light brown.
Branches and Branchlets : Branchlets minutely pubescent when young.
Exudates : Latex acrid, watery, gradually turning black.
Leaves : Leaves simple, alternate, spiral, clustered at twig ends; petiole 0.2-0.7 cm long, stout, flat above, glabrous; lamina 8-28 x 2.2-7 cm long, oblanceolate, apex acuminate with blunt tip, base auriculate, subcoriaceous; midrib flat or slightly impressed above; nerves and reticulation raised on both surface; secondary_nerves 7-18 pairs, nearly straight and curved near margin, moderate in angle; tertiary_nerves reticulate.
Inflorescence / Flower : Inflorescence axillary panicle, 7-15 cm long; flowers polygamous.
Fruit and Seed : Drupe, obliquely obovate, black, seated on fleshy obconic hypocarp, 1-seeded.

Ecology :

Canopy trees, generally in low elevation wet evergreen forests (up to 900 m).

Distribution :

Endemic to Western_Ghats; common in South Sahyadri and rare in Coorg region of Central Sahyadri.

Status :

Low risk: near threatened (IUCN, 2000).

Literatures :

Fl. Sylv. 2: 232. 1870; Gamble, Fl. Madras 1: 267. 1997 (re. ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 111. 2004; Keshava Murthy and Yoganarasimhan, Fl. Coorg (Kodagu) 126. 1990.

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