Vitex altissima L.f. - VERBENACEAE


Vernacular names : Tamil: Mayilei, Mayilainochi, MayiladiMalayalam: Myila, MylelluKannada: Myrole, Nevaladi, NavuladiEnglish: Milla

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literature

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Large deciduous trees up to 20 m tall.
Trunk\bark : Bark greyish, letnicellate, scaly when mature; blaze yellowish.
Branchlets : Young branchlets quadrangular, pubescent, lenticellate.
Leaves : Leaves compound, usually trifoliate or rarely 5-foliate (with 2 small leaflets), opposite, decussate; rachis pulvinate, planoconvex in cross section, winged, minutely pubescent; leaflets sessile, 7-17 x 2-6.5 cm, narrow elliptic or elliptic-lanceolate, apex acuminate, base cuneate, margin serrate or entire, chartaceous, glaucous and minutely pubescent or glabrous beneath; midrib canaliculate above; secondary_nerves 10-20 pairs; tertiary_nerves reticulo-percurrent.
Flowers : Inflorescence terminal panicles, minutely pubescent; flowers zygomorphic, blue white tinged.
Fruit& seed : Drupe, smooth, globose, 0.9 cm across, purplish black; seeds 4.

Ecology :

Canopy trees in secondary evergreen to semi-evergreen forests up to 1200 m.

Distribution :

Indomalaysia, Indochina and Sri Lanka; in the Western_Ghats- throughout.

Literature :

Suppl. Pl. 294. 1781; Gamble, Fl. Madras 2: 1102. 1993 (re.ed.); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 363. 2004; Cook, Fl. Bombay 2: 429.1908; Almeida, Fl. Maharashtra 4:133. 2003.

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