Solenocarpus indica Wt.& Arn. - ANACARDIACEAE

Synonym : Spondias indica (Wt. & Arn.) Airy Shaw & Forman

Vernacular names : Malayalam: Kattuambazham

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Botanical descriptions Ecology Distribution Literatures

Botanical descriptions :

Habit : Small deciduous trees, up to 10 m tall.
Trunk & Bark : Bark smooth, greyish green.
Branches and Branchlets : Branchlets with corky bark, glabrous.
Leaves : Leaves compound, imparipinnate, clustered at twig ends; rachis 15-30 cm long, terete, striate, pulvinus, glabrous; leaflets opposite, 3-7 pairs with terminal one, petiolule to 0.2 cm long; leaflet lamina 3-8 x 1.4-3 cm, narrow oblong sometimes oblong-ovate, apex acuminate, base asymmetricaly rounded, margin crenulate with shallow crenature, chartaceous, glabrous; midrib slightly raised above, with intramarginal_nerve; secondary_nerves 8-10; tertiary_nerves admedially_ramified.
Inflorescence / Flower : Inflorescence terminal panicle; flowers bisexual, white, fragrant.
Fruit and Seed : Drupe, small, oblong, 0.8 x 0.4 cm, 1-seeded.

Ecology :

Along rivulets amidst evergreen and moist deciduous forests up to 1000 m.

Distribution :

Endemic to Western_Ghats; South and Central Sahyadris.

Literatures :

Prodr. 1: 172. 1834; Gamble, Fl. Madras 1: 262. 1997 (re. ed); Sasidharan, Biodiversity documentation for Kerala- Flowering Plants, part 6: 113. 2004; Saldanha, Fl. Karnataka 2: 209. 1996.

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